EPUB Chickens and beer

Book description

Mozambique imports food while rural people remain poor because agricultural production is low, with most people farming in the same way as their grandparents. But one group of dynamic farmers has emerged in the two decades since the end of the war. There are now 68 000 small and medium commercial farmers. Like their neighbours, many once had only 1 hectare and used only a hoe. Now they cultivate 3 to 20 hectares and produce largely for the market. They have created local jobs and stimulate the local economy.

Teresa Smart and Joseph Hanlon are the authors of Do bicycles equal development in Mozambique? For this book they have looked more closely at this most dynamic - but mostly ignored - group of farmers, and show how they have expanded.

Support for these emergent farmers has come almost entirely from outside Mozambique. Foreign contract companies promote tobacco and cotton. The 'international public sector" of donors, NGOs and international agencies supports soya and cassava. These contract companies and public sector organisations provide the essential markets, credit, technology and practical support. These farmers have become small and medium businesses (SMEs) and are now the most dynamic sector of the rural economy.

Since independence the government - backed by many donors - has follow a dual strategy of trying to raise productivity of peasant farmers but keeping them on their one hectare plots using only a hoe (enxada), while allocating the rest of the land to large mechanised plantations. But this does not work. Few new large industrialised farms have succeeded, and even the World Bank thinks huge foreign-owned industrial farms are doomed to failure. Keeping families on 1 hectare as hoe farmers leaves them permanently in poverty, because most small farmers have too little cash to be able to buy fertiliser and seed.

This book shows that Mozambique's own farmers can take the lead, if they are supported to expand their area and become small commercial farmers. This would create rural jobs, boost the rural economy, and reduce rural poverty. But these new farmers would also take all the available land, leaving none for foreign investors. Thus a policy choice is needed.

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11.09.2017

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Book info

Title
ISBN
Author
PublisherBicycles+Development Lrd
Release date 02.09.2014
Pages count183
File size2 Mb
eBook formatKindle Edition, (torrent)En
Book rating0.7 (0 votes)
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