Ehrman basis his analyses on three criteria and uses the first ten lectures to explain and defend these criteria.People who are familiar with the criteria and are willing to accept them can safely skip these ten lectures.The criteria are; (1) Independent Attestation — when two or more independent sources attest to the same event or saying, (2) Dissimilarity — if a saying of Jesus recorded in a particular Gospel is dissimilar to what other Christians were saying about Jesus when that Gospel was written or does not support a Christian agenda, the saying is more likely to be genuine, and (3) Contextual Credibility — traditions are more likely to be reliable if they conform well to what is known of the historical and social situation of the time.
Lectures eleven through twenty-four proceed from the birth of Jesus, through his ministry, on to the crucifixion, and finally to the response of early Christians.At each step Ehrman explains how his conclusions are supported by the historical criteria. He describes the historical Jesus as a Jewish apocalyptic prophet whose message centered on a future kingdom of God that would be free of poverty and oppression. Jesus taught his followers to seek this kingdom above all else and to behave now as they would in the kingdom. This meant not only loving God above all else but also loving one’s neighbor and even one’s enemies. Jesus spoke of a coming judgment on the religious leaders of His day, and this is what led to His execution.
Ehrman suggests that Judas Iscariot's betrayal, in addition to indicating Jesus' location, consisted of testifying to the Romans that Jesus had called himself the future King of the Jews. Since this claim by Jesus was not made publicly, they needed an insider like Judas to testify thus.This is a charge that would justify crucifixion to the Romans. Of course the Jewish authorities were primarily concerned about Jesus' speaking of God's coming judgment of them, an issue Romans weren't interested in.
In a lecture in which Ehrman reviewed various written accounts of Jesus, I found it curiously interesting how few things the Apostle Paul said about what Jesus said and did.The writing of Paul's letters was closest to the time of Jesus' life of any surviving written material about him. Thus it is logical to expect his descriptions of Jesus to be the most accurate available.Ehrman says if you go through all the writings of the Apostle Paul you will come up with the following "exhaustive" list of things Jesus said or did:
1. Born of a woman under the [Jewish] law.One would expect the person most credited with development of Christianity as a religion separate from Judaism would have had more to say about Jesus.
2. Had brothers
3. Had 12 disciples
4. Ministered to Jews
5. Taught against divorce
6. Taught that ministers should be paid
7. Had a last supper including what he said
8. Was betrayed
9. Was crucified
Regarding item 6:
1 Corinthians 9:14 ESV
In the same way, the Lord commanded that those who proclaim the gospel should get their living by the gospel.
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|Title||The Historical Jesus (Great Courses, #643)|
|Author||Bart D. Ehrman|
|Publisher||The Teaching Company|
|File size||5.4 Mb|
|eBook format||Audiobook, (torrent)|
|Book rating||4.28 (157 votes)
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